What is the Difference between Hajj and Umrah?

Umrah and hajj are two forms of worship that involve traveling to Makkah

What is the Difference between Hajj and Umrah?
What is the Difference between Hajj and Umrah?

Jakarta - Umrah and hajj are two forms of worship that involve traveling to Makkah, visiting the Kaaba, and performing tawaf, sa'i, and shaving to seek the pleasure of Allah SWT. Although similar, the two have major differences, one of which is the law to fulfill them. 

As for the law of performing the pilgrimage, it is obligatory for every adult Muslim who has met the requirements, both physically, scientifically, and economically able to travel to Baitullah, Saudi Arabia, at least once in his lifetime.

Meanwhile, according to several schools of law, Umrah worship can be sunnah, it can also be mandatory. According to the Hanafi and Maliki schools, Umrah is a sunnah muakkadah, in other words, it is highly recommended to perform it.

Another thing for the Shafi'i and Hanbali schools, the law of Umrah according to this school is obligatory once in a lifetime for those who can afford it.

In the words of Allah SWT Al-Qur'an surah Al-Baqarah verse 196 mentions the provisions regarding Umrah, which means: "And complete Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah," (Al-Baqarah [2]: 196)

Another difference is in the pillars of Umrah which do not include wukuf in Arafah, while Hajj requires wukuf in Arafah. Reporting from NU Online, there are only four pillars of Umrah, namely the intention of ihram, tawaf, sa'i and cutting hair. As for Hajj, there are five pillars, namely the intention of ihram, wuquf at Arafah, tawaf, sa'i, and cutting hair.

Lastly, the most striking difference between Hajj and Umrah is the timing of their performance. If the pilgrimage is only carried out from the beginning of Shawwal until the dawn of Eid al-Adha (10 Dzulhijjah). Meanwhile, Umrah can be performed at any time of the year.